If you are like most Americans, your mail box is filled with offers for credit cards, mortgage refinancing and home equity loans. Many of those offers stress the benefits of moving existing balances to the new lenders. While that may sound appealing, especially if the new loan offers an attractive initial interest rate, it is important to consider all the factors associated with debt consolidation.
Debt Consolidation is Debt Management, Not Debt Elimination
Moving all your outstanding loan balances to one lender will not reduce the amount you owe. You must ultimately pay off the loan and pay interest until the loan is repaid. Your goal should be using debt wisely. Consider the following steps:
Paying down your credit card debt
Even if you have not borrowed the maximum allowed for your credit card, paying down your balance should be one of your top priorities.
- Pay more than the minimum on your credit card balance. Interest rates charged on most credit cards are usually much higher than those found on other loans.
- Making your credit card payment as soon as you get the statement will help reduce the interest you are charged.
- Minimize your credit card usage for a period. Along with not subjecting higher balances to interest, using cash may help you identify ways to spend less.
Evaluating the real estate based alternatives
Start by reviewing the interest rates on your existing debts. Credit cards and unsecured personal loans usually have higher interest rates than other forms of secured debt like a mortgage, home equity loan or an auto loan. If you find that your rate on a home equity line of credit is less than the rates on credit cards, other personal loans or auto loans, utilizing borrowing through that line of credit may save you money.
Then evaluate your borrowing capacity available through a mortgage or a home equity loan. Borrowing through a shorter-term home equity loan will probably lower your interest rate, but most home equity loans have variable interest rates. If you have a great deal of high interest rate debt, increasing the size of your fixed rate mortgage with a refinancing (even if you end up with a slightly higher mortgage rate than what you currently have) may result in lower overall interest costs. The interest you pay on your mortgage or home equity loan is also tax deductible if you itemize your deductions.
- Discuss your situation with your financial institution. They will be able to explain the alternatives and may offer you a special program because of your existing relationship.
- Evaluating these real estate based alternatives can get a bit complicated, so you may want to discuss them with a financial professional.
- Use common sense. Remember that borrowing money means you have to repay it. If your borrowing is too high, take immediate steps to reduce it. Every dollar of debt reduction will translate into less interest you have to pay.
- Get professional help if you need it. There are many organizations that help consumers when all else fails. The Consumer Credit Counseling Service is one you may want to consider. Look in the phone book for a local office. Their service is free and they have helped thousands. Be very wary of any organization that wants you to pay a fee for their services or that promise an easy solution to your situation. If their message sounds too good to be true, it probably is too good to be true.